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Genes, birthplace shape up our gut microbes

Your genes and place of birthcan have a major effect on the formation of the microbial community in the gut — which plays an important role in keeping one healthy, a research has showed. The study proved that gut microbiome plays a leading role in the body’s immune response. Thus, controlling the microbes in the gut could influence the immune system and disease vulnerability. The findings showed the early life environment is very important for the formation of an individual’s microbiome. The moderate shifts in diet, as we age, also…

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Nitrogen May Help Boost Gut Health

Scientists have found that intestinal nitrogen plays a key role in regulating gut microbes, a finding that may help better understand how our diet impacts the microbiota. “There are many different diet strategies that claim to promote gut health, and until now it has been very difficult to establish clear causality between various types of diet and their effect on the host’s microbiome,” said Andrew Holmes, associate professor at University of Sydney. “This is because there are many complex factors at play, including food composition, eating pattern and genetic background,”…

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Scientists Say Gut Microbes May Play Role in Yo-Yo Dieting, Obesity

Scientists studying yo-yo dieting in mice say the tendency for people to regain excess weight rapidly after successfully slimming may well be due to their microbiome – the trillions of microorganisms in the gut. The researchers found that changes in the gut microbiome that occur when an obese mouse loses weight can persist for many months, and that this contributes to accelerated weight regain later if the diet lapses. If, as the researchers believe, a similar thing happens in obese people, they said, it could help explain why so many…

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Obese and Lean Children Have Different Gut Bacteria

Children and teenagers who are obese have different microorganisms living in their digestive tract than those who are lean, according to a new study. The study finds gut microbiota or gut flora is closely related to fat distribution in children and teenagers. “Our findings show children and teenagers with obesity have a different composition of gut flora than lean youth,” said Nicola Santoro, Researcher at the Yale University in Connecticut, US. “This suggests that targeted modifications to the specific species composing the human microbiota could be developed and could help…

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Baby’s Gut Microbiome Influences Risk of Allergy, Asthma

The microbes living in a baby’s gut within its first month of birth may directly impact the developing immune system as well as lead to a higher risk of allergies and asthma later in the childhood, finds a study. Gut microbes play a key role in processing dietary components such as fats, giving them a powerful influence over whether anti-inflammatory or pro-inflammatory molecules end up in the gut, the researchers said. The findings showed that one-month-old infants without anti-inflammatory lipids possessed abnormally high levels of resident fungal species. These infants…

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High-Fat Diet During Pregnancy May Impact Baby’s Gut, Immune System

Women consuming high-fat diet during pregnancy may increase the risk of affecting bacteria living in her baby’s gut thus impacting proper development of the immune system, says a study. The results showed that expecting mothers’ diets can lead to distinct changes in their babies’ microbiome, which could affect energy extraction from food as well as early immunity development. “Diet is very amenable to change and women are highly motivated to make healthy changes during pregnancy. Traditionally, dietary interventions during pregnancy have focused on micronutrients, such as iron and folic acid,”…

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