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Study establishes link between sedentary lifestyle and kidney, bladder cancer risk

A new study led by researchers at Roswell Park Cancer Institute establishes a connection between a sedentary lifestyle and risk of developing kidney or bladder cancer. The findings extend a line of inquiry that has already revealed a connection between chronic inactivity and heightened risk for both ovarian and cervical cancer, and also highlight the possibility of reducing risk for some cancers by increasing physical activity. The new research, published online ahead of print in the journal Cancer Epidemiology,details the findings of a hospital-based case-control study involving 160 patients with…

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Low Protein Levels May Increase Kidney Function Decline in Elderly

Older adults with low blood levels of a circulating protein in the blood may be at an increased risk of experiencing decline in their kidney function, a study has found. The findings showed that higher blood levels of a protein called soluble klotho — with anti-ageing properties — may help preserve kidney function. “We found a strong association between low soluble klotho and decline in kidney function, independent of many known risk factors for kidney function decline,” said David Drew from Tufts University in Massachusetts, US. The kidney has the…

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Poor Sleep May Adversely Affect Kidney Function

Short and poor quality of sleep may worsen kidney function in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), says a study. “Short sleep and fragmented sleep are significant yet unappreciated risk factors for CKD progression,” said one of the researchers, Ana Ricardo, from the University of Illinois at Chicago in the US. “Our research adds to the accumulating knowledge regarding the importance of sleep on kidney function, and underscores the need to design and test clinical interventions to improve sleep habits in individuals with CKD,” she added. Although there is increasing…

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Chronic constipation linked with kidney disease

  US researchers have found an association with severe and chronic constipation and kidney disease. Constipation is a common condition, and it can have a variety of impacts on health including raising an individuals’ risk of cardiovascular disease, potentially through effects caused by gut bacteria. “Our findings highlight the plausible link between the gut and the kidneys and provide additional insights into the pathogenesis of kidney disease progression,” said Csaba Kovesdy from University of Tennessee, US. The study showed that individuals with constipation had a 13 per cent higher likelihood…

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Antibiotic-resistance making kidney infections more deadly

Medication-resistant bacteria are making it more difficult to treat a common but severe kidney infection, says a study. Pyelonephritis — infection of the kidney usually caused by E. coli bacteria and which can start as a urinary tract infection — causes fever, back pain and vomiting. About half of people infected require hospitalisation. If not treated with effective antibiotics, it can cause sepsis and death. “This is a very real example of the threat posed by the emergence of new antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria, which greatly complicates treatment of infection,”…

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Kidney Disease Sufferers Doubled In India In 15 Years

The number of Indians suffering from chronic kidney ailments has doubled in the past 15 years, and at present 17 in every hundred citizens suffer from some form of kidney disease, health experts have said. The experts noted that several Indian population-based studies in the past estimated that some 150-230 persons suffer from End-Stage Kidney Disease (ESKD) in every million people, and about 2,20,000-2,75,000 new patients need Renal Replacement Therapy (RRT) every year. “The number of patients undergoing dialysis in India is also increasing by 10-15 per cent every year,…

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