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Fungal treatment of artificial voice box may improve speech

Treating fungal infection inside the artificial voice box may improve speech quality and help people with throat cancerwho lose their larynx, a study has found. Throat cancer refers to cancer of the voice box, the vocal cords, and other parts of the throat, such as the tonsils and the oropharynx. During a total laryngectomy, the entire voice box (larynx) is removed and the windpipe (trachea) and food pipe (oesophagus) are separated from each other. This operation creates an opening between the food pipe and the windpipe, where the voice prosthesis…

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Palliative Care Should be Standard in Cancer Treatment: Guideline

For patients with advanced cancer, palliative care should start early and be an integral part of treatment, not just something added on near the end of life, according to a new practice guideline from the American Society for Clinical Oncology (ASCO). Expanding on a 2012 opinion, the guideline authors say that caregivers of advanced-cancer patients and early-stage cancer patients should also be considered for palliative – sometimes known as “comfort” – care. Palliative care teams help build rapport and relationships with patients and family caregivers, manage symptoms like fatigue, mood…

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Report: More Than Half of Mentally Ill U.S. Adults Get No Treatment

Mental Health America just released its annual assessment of Americans with mental illness, the treatment they receive and the resources available to them – and the conclusions are sobering: Twenty percent of adults (43.7 million) have a mental health condition, and more than half of them do not receive treatment. Among youth, the rates of depression are rising, but 80 percent of children and adolescents either get insufficient treatment or none at all. “Once again, our report shows that too many Americans are suffering and far too many are not…

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For Osteoporosis, Early Treatment Is Crucial

My neighbor Arlyn Riskind, who is 53, has premenopausal osteoporosis, diagnosed nine years ago. She takes low-dose birth control pills to preserve her bone mass and postpone menopause. But after menopause, she knows she “may be soon faced with some decision-making.” And she is quite anxious about it. The source of her angst is whether to begin treating her osteoporosis with bisphosphonates, drugs that are very effective at increasing bone density but carry some small risks. These include an increased chance of developing osteonecrosis of the jaw, in which the…

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Prostate cancer treatment may trigger dementia in men

A common hormone therapy to treat prostate cancer may double a man’s risk of dementia, regardless of his age, found a recent study conducted by Penn Medicine researchers. Last year, the researchers discovered a dramatic association between Alzheimer’s disease and androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), a mainstay of treatment for prostate cancer since the 1940s currently used in over a half million men in the United States. This new study suggests a broader neurocognitive risk associated with the testosterone-lowering therapy. While the findings do not prove that ADT increases the risk…

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Symptoms, Causes and Treatment of Chikungunya: Things You Must Know

While the capital city, along with many parts of the country, grapples with the rising instance of dengue, experts signal the outbreak of another mosquito-transmitted disease – chikungunya. The World Health Organisation (WHO) defines it as, “A mosquito-borne viral disease first described during an outbreak in southern Tanzania in 1952. The name ‘chikungunya’ derives from a word in the Kimakonde language, meaning “to become contorted”, and describes the stooped appearance of sufferers with joint pain (arthralgia).” According to the WHO and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, USA, a person…

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