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What does weight loss really depend on: Diet, genes or insulin levels?

A precision nutrition approach to weight loss didn’t hold up in a study testing low fat versus low carb depending on dieters’ DNA profiles. Previous research has suggested that a person’s insulin levels or certain genes could interact with different types of diets to influence weight loss. Stanford University researchers examined this idea with 600 overweight adults who underwent genetic and insulin testing before being randomly assigned to reduce fat or carbohydrate intake. Gene analyses identified variations linked with how the body processes fats or carbohydrates, which the researchers thought…

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Soon, Anti-Diabetes Drugs to Replace Painful Insulin Jabs

Diabetes Mellitus is a condition wherein the body is either unable to produce insulin on its own or is not able to use it properly. Patients with Type 1 diabetes are required to take insulin injections to keep their blood sugar in control. Insulin jabs are usually required to be taken several times in a day and in some cases more than one type of insulin may be used. A new discovery claims that diabetics will no longer have to go through painful insulin injections as new anti-diabetes drugs will…

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Insulin cells under skin could save diabetics from jabs

Scientists have created artificial cells that act as sugar sensorsand insulin producers, an advance that may spell an end to painful needle jabs to monitor blood glucose levels, making the everyday life of diabetics easier. Researchers have used the simplest approach yet to produce artificial beta cells from human kidney cells. The therapy involves a capsule of genetically engineered cells implanted under the skin that automatically release insulin as required. Diabetic mice that were treated with the cells were found to have normal blood sugar levels for several weeks. Previous…

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Insulin, hepatitis B shots may get cheaper

Scientists at Institute of Microbial Technology, Chandigarh, have for the first time in India developed indigenous technology to produce protein-based medicines like insulin, streptokinase (clot buster) and the hepatitis B vaccine. They expect this to cut the cost of these medicines by 3-4 times. India is largely dependent on imported and patented technology (expression vector) for production of insulin, streptokinase and hepatitis B etc. The importance of IMTECH’s work can be gauged from the fact that India is No.2 in the world after China in diabetes and hepatitis B patients:…

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